NATIONAL CADET CORPS
The National Cadet Corps is the Indian military cadet corps with its Headquarters at New Delhi, Delhi, India. It is open to school and college students on voluntary basis. National Cadet Corps is a Tri-Services Organization, comprising the Army, Navy and Air Force, engaged in grooming the youth of the country into disciplined and patriotic citizens. The National Cadet Corps in India is a voluntary organization which recruits cadets from high schools, colleges and universities all over India. The Cadets are given basic military training in small arms and parades. The officers and cadets have no liability for active military service once they complete their course but are given preference over normal candidates during selections based on the achievements in the corps.
The NCC in India was formed with the National Cadet Corps Act of 1948. It was raised on 15 July 1948. The origin of NCC can be traced back to the ‘University Corps’, which was created under the Indian Defence Act 1917, with the objective to make up the shortage of the Army. In 1920, when the Indian Territorial Act was passed, the ‘University Corps’ was replaced by the University Training Corps (UTC). The aim was to raise the status of the UTC and make it more attractive to the youth. The UTC Officers and cadets dressed like the army. It was a significant step towards the Indianisation of armed forces. It was rechristened in the form of UOTC so the National Cadet Corps can be considered as a successor of the University Officers Training Corps (UOTC) which was established by the British Government in 1942. During World War II, the UOTC never came up to the expectations set by the British. This led to the idea that some better schemes should be formed, which could train more young men in a better way, even during peace. A committee headed by Pandit Hradaya Nath Kunjru recommended a cadet organization to be established in schools and colleges at a national level. The National Cadet Corps Act was accepted by the Governor General and on 15 July 1948 the National Cadet Corps came into existence.
In 1948, the Girls Division was raised in order to give equal opportunities to school and college going girls. The NCC was given an inter-service image in 1950 when the Air Wing was added, followed by the Naval Wing in 1952. Same year, the NCC curriculum was extended to include community development/social service activities as a part of the NCC syllabus at the behest of Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who took keen interest in the growth of the NCC. Following the 1962 Sino-Indian War, to meet the requirement of the Nation, the NCC training was made compulsory in 1963. In 1968, the Corps was again made voluntary.
During the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 & Bangladesh-Pakistani war of 1971, NCC cadets were the second line of defence. They organized camps to assist ordnance factories, supplying arms and ammunition to the front and also were used as patrol parties to capture enemy paratroopers. The NCC cadets also worked hand in hand with the Civil Defence authorities and actively took part in rescue works and traffic control.
After the 1965 and 1971 wars the NCC syllabus was revised. Rather than just being a second line of defence, the NCC syllabus laid greater stress on developing the quality of leadership skills. The military training which the NCC cadets received was reduced and greater importance was given to other areas like social service and youth management.
The motto of NCC is 'Unity & Discipline' which was adopted on 23 Dec 1957. In living up to its motto, the NCC strives to be and is one of the greatest cohesive forces of the nation, bringing together the youth hailing from different parts of the country and moulding them into united, secular and disciplined citizens of the nation.
At Headquarters level, the NCC is headed by a Director General with the rank of lieutenant-general. He is assisted by two Additional Director Generals (A and B) of two-star rank (major-general, rear-admiral or air vice-marshal). Five Brigadier level officers and other civil officials also assist him. The Headquarters is located in Delhi. There are 17 Directorates located in the state capitals headed by an officer of the rank of a Maj Gen from the three Services. Depending upon the size of the state and growth of NCC in the states, Directorates have up to 14 Group Headquarters under them through which they exercise their command and control of the organisation in the state. Each group is headed by an officer of the rank of Brigadier or equivalent known as Group Commander. Each NCC Group Headquarters control 5-7 units(Bns) commanded by Colonel/Lt.Col or equivalent. Each Battalion consists of companies which are commanded by the Associate NCC Officer(ANO) of the rank of lieutenant to major. In all there are 95 Group Headquarters in the country who exercise control over a network of 667 Army Wing Units(including technical and girls unit), 60 Naval Wing Units and 61 Air Squadrons. There are two training establishments namely Officers Training School, Kamptee (Nagpur, Maharashtra) and Women Officers Training School, Gwalior.
Certificates & Examination
There are Three Certificates in NCC. Below describes about it from lower value to higher value:-
· Certificate - A : It can be written by JD/ JW cadets of NCC, cadets of class 8 & 9. After passing those classes it can't be obtained. The candidate must have attended a minimum 75% of total training periods laid down in the syllabus for the first & second years of JD/JW NCC(All Wings). The candidate must have attended one Annual Training Camp.
· Certificate - B : It can be written by SD / SW cadets of NCC, cadets after class 10 & those studying for +2, +3 (degree). In the second year of training they can appear for the same. The candidate must have attended a minimum 75% of total training periods laid down in the syllabus for the first & second years of SD/SW NCC (All Wings). He/she must have attended one Annual Training Camp/NIC. Cadets possessing 'A' certificate will be awarded 10 bonuses marks. An air wing cadet must do a minimum 10 Glide launches.
· Certificate - C : It is the Most important certificate for NCC cadet. Now it can be written in the 3 rd year of training, in the 3rd year of degree course / those having B certificate can write it in the first year after his +2 and in the 1st year of degree by SD / SW cadets only. The candidate must be possessing a 'B' certificate. Must have attended two ATCs or one ATC and in addition to it RD Camp Delhi, Centrally Organised Camp, Para Training Camp, Attachment Training with service units, National Integration Camp, Youth Exchange Programme, Foreign Cruise(Navy).
Grading in Certificate
Three certificates are awarded (1) A grade, (2) B grade, (3) C grade.
The best certificate is C, which has the highest value. (i) A cadet has to obtain 45% marks in each paper & 50% marks in the aggregate to pass the examination. Grading is based on total marks obtain will be awarded as follows. (aa) Grading 'A' - Cadets obtaining 80% marks and above. (ab) Grading 'B' - Cadets obtaining 65% marks and above but below 80%. (ac) Grading 'C' - Cadets obtaining 50% marks and above but below 65%. (ad) Fail - Cadets obtaining less than 45% in any paper or less than 50% in aggregate.
Camps in NCC:
Combined Annual Training Camps (CATC)
National Integration Camp (NIC)
Advance leadership course
Army Attachment Camp
Hiking And Trekking Camps
Thal Sainik Camp (TSC)
All India Vayu Sainik Camp (AIVSC)
Nau Sainik Camp (NSC)
All India Yachting Regetta (AIYR)
Rock Climbing Camps (RCC)
Naval Wing Activities
Air Wing Activities
Youth Exchange Programme
Sushil Kar college unit is under 20 Bengal Bn NCC under WB & Sikkim Directorate , presently running with the capacity of 135 cadets. Both SD(Male) and SW(Female) wings are there. We are the winner of Intercollege competition KHEL at St Xaviers’ College, having a very good result In B and C certificate examinations last year.District level Parade winner on Republic day.Our NCC Unit is associated with a number of social activities through different cleaning of neighbouring and college campus area, social campaigning against superstitions and for spreading Technical knowledge for using digital media for cash less transactions etc and so on.